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Al Mina Archaeological Site

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Archaeological site
Historical site
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Al Mina Archaeological Site

The Grand Allee or the Mosaic Road is approximately 160 meters long, 11.8 meters wide with columns of grey, green and white colors and a colonnade that is 5 meters long and borders the road. It is plated with mosaic designs that date back to the Roman Period and marble slabs that date back to the Byzantine Period.

The Arena was established in the 1st Century AD and is the only rectangular shaped arena in the world. Its approximate size is 45mx35m and is enclosed by 5 rows of seats. In the past, this arena used to accommodate 2000 spectators and up to this day, the relationship between the two hundred rectangular vaulted reservoirs still remains inconclusive.

The Baths were isolated from humidity by being constructed over parallel arches. The marble floor was installed with a system that allowed the hot air to warm the marble floor, through laying rings of brick one on top the other. Although the floor has collapsed, the original infrastructure is still intact and in good shape.

The Palestra was built during the 2nd Century AD, with an area of 30m2 and enveloped by columns made of granite. It was transformed into a purple dye factory during the Byzantine period.

A Glass Factory dating back to the 6th century AD.

A Residential Area with narrow roads and houses built and paved with mosaics and occasionally with marble.

There are two small-scaled Roman roads called The Small Alleys that are plated with limestone slabs. The first road stretches to the north below the new city while the other stretches to the west under the Crusader Cathedral.

The Crusaders Cathedral is structured and built during the Crusaders period at a crossroad that dates back to the Romano-Byzantine period. It is at this site where the Kings of Jerusalem were crowned and where Emperor Frederick Barbarossa was buried. What remains nowadays from this magnificently structure is a few red-granite columns.

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Tyre +
Tyre District, South Governorate
Sidon & Tyr
Sidon & Tyr
Characteristics and classifications
Architecture & Style (1) +
Roman architecture
Dynasty & Civilization (2) +
Heritage Classification (1) +
World Heritage Site
Period of History (1) +
1st century
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