And here are the cookies again!
The digital platform MOOVTOO uses cookies. Some of them have a marketing purpose and allow us to personalize the content, offers, and services that are suggested to you. Others are just there to make your navigation smoother. You are not obligated to accept all of them! To learn more, consult our entire cookie usage policy. Check out our privacy policy

Byblos Archaeological Site

Verified by MOOVTOO Team
Archaeological site
Historical site
favorite empty
share icon
Byblos Archaeological Site
‘Byblos’, known in Arabic as ‘Jubayl’ and in Phoenician as ‘Gebal’ is a Mediterranean city in Lebanon. It is believed that it was first populated between 8800 and 7000 BC and built by ‘Cronos,’ the youngest leader of the first generation of titans as the first city in Phoenicia. This city is one of the oldest settlements in the world that have been continuously populated and colonized since 5000 BC. This Canaanite city was initially given the name ‘Gubal’ during the Bronze Age and then ‘Gebal’ moving on to ‘Byblos’ which is papyrus in Greek (as this city played an important role in the papyrus trade) and later referred to as ‘Gibelet’ during the crusades. It is even mentioned in the Hebrew bible as the name ‘Geval’. The city’s name is derived from ‘Gb’ which is Phoenician for ‘well’ or ‘origin’ and ‘El’ which was the supreme God of the Canaanite religion.

Centuries of constant human inhabitation resulted in accumulation of debris making the site very attractive to archaeologists all over the world. The city was first excavated during the year 1921 and this process carried on for about 45 years. These excavations lead to the unveiling of several historical ruins including the castle and the church built by the crusaders (during 12th and 13th centuries AD), the Roman Amphitheatre, the Egyptian and Phoenician temples, and Royal Necropolis (the earliest date back to the 4th Millennium BC)

Crusader Castle

Built in the 12th century, located at the entry of the Byblos Archaeological site and surrounded by a 10-meter wide dry moat, the crusaders castle rooftop boasts a panoramic view, accessible by visitors and tourists through a stone staircase. Inside, you can find a small museum and a room containing information about the city’s history.

City Ramparts

At the entrance of this rich archaeological city and to the left are ancient ruins that reveal the remains of city ramparts from 2nd and 3rd millennium BC, three temples and a Roman theatre that overlooks the sea.

Obelisk Temple

Early 2nd century BC revealed the remains of the Obelisk Temple and lead to the discovery of 1500 gold-covered figures in the shape of human beings which are now stored, preserved and displayed at Beirut’s National Museum.

The Temple of Baalat Gebal

This is the oldest temple on the site and dates back to the 4th century BC. It was the biggest in size and its construction resembled the highest significant importance as it was dedicated to Aphrodite (The Mistress of Byblos) in the course of the Roman period. It was mended and restored several times over the past two thousand years. Moreover, the 6 still standing columns nearing the temple are the ashes and traces of a roman street dating from c 300 A.D.

The Roman Theatre

West of the Temple of Baalat Gebal stands the Roman theatre, its latest reconstruction is one-third the original size. It is located near the edge of the cliff and offers a stunning view of the Mediterranean Sea.

Royal Tombs

Nine royal tombs were inserted into vertically cut shafts, deep into the rock during the 2nd millennium BC. Some of the excavated sarcophagi (stone coffin with a sculpture or inscriptions) can now be found in the national museum, including that of King Hiram, whose coffin is inscribed with one of the earliest Phoenician alphabets in the world.

King's Well

King’s Well is a spring that provided water to the city, up until the end of the Hellenistic era. Legend has it that Isis sat on this well weeping as she searched for Osiris.

City Walls

Constructed through the use of mud-bricks, limestone and wood - Byblos city walls remain an illustration of ancient Phoenician architecture. Other representations include large temples, enclosed sacred spaces, high fortification walls and large-scale engineering projects such as dams and artificial harbors. Although very few remains have withstood the test of time and constant occupation throughout history, significant and relevant archaeological evidence can be found across the Mediterranean.

The Two Defense Towers

The Two defense towers in Byblos are a monument built by the crusaders with the intention of protecting the entrance of Byblos port from unwanted guests and intruders. An icon of valuable heritage, culture and history containing landmarks such as The Mosque of Sultan Abdel Majid (1648) and the fishing Harbor itself. The site includes delicious restaurants, a beautiful view of the surrounding nature and a place ideal for lovers and friends to spend some quality time.

Related service(s)
favorite empty
Discovering Byblos
Reviews (0)
Login to post a comment
Ancient City
Byblos +
Jbeil District, Mount Lebanon Governorate
Jbeil District
Jbeil District
Characteristics and classifications
Dynasty & Civilization (3) +
Period of History (10) +
12th century
13th century
1st century
1st millennium BC
2d millennium BC
2nd century
3rd millennium BC
Copper Age
Neolithic period
The Middle Age